|Though anaemia can happen to men and women and in any age group, women are more likely to be anaemic due to menstruation and poor dietary habits. Especially, adolescent girls are most susceptible to anaemia.|
- Inadequate production of red blood cells due to deficiency in nutrients which could be iron and vitamins or hormones or diseases (e.g. defect in the bone marrow from where blood is produced by the body.
- Excessive destruction of red blood cells (Thalassemia).
- Excessive loss of blood due to child birth, heavy menstrual periods, gastrointestinal ulcers.
Managing Nutritional AnaemiaThe most common cause of Anaemia being Nutritional deficiency especially in women the focus on diet planning for Anaemia forms the basis of treatment. The 3 primary requirements for haemoglobin production are:
- Folic Acid
- Vitamin B-12
Rich Sources of Iron in Food Are:
- Egg yolk, red meat and poultry. Animal meat provides best dietary Iron.
- Green leafy vegetables like spinach, bathua, methi, radish leaves, cauliflower leaves, arbi leaves
- Soya beans, rajma, kala chana, kabuli chana, lobhia
- Adding Jaggery to milk/tea/kheer etc.
- Roasted gram [channa] and Puffed rice [Murmura] and parched rice [poha]
- Dates, Munakka [Dried grapes large sized with big seed, Anjir [Figs] provide Iron
- Black Till seeds or Nigelly seeds are good source of Iron
- Citrus fruits and juice is advisable as the Vitamin C helps to increase absorption of Iron from food.
- Leafy vegetables such as spinach, asparagus, turnip greens, romaine lettuces, dried or fresh beans and peas.
- Fortified grain products (pasta, cereal, bread),
- Sunflower seeds, cucumber [Khira/kakdi]
- Fruits (orange juice, canned pineapple juice, cantaloupe, honeydew melon, grapefruit juice, banana, raspberry, grapefruit, strawberry)
- Vegetables (beets, broccoli, corn, tomato juice, vegetable juices are rich sources of folate.
- Liver and liver products also contain high amounts of folate, as does baker’s yeast. Some breakfast cereals (ready-to-eat and others) are fortified with 25% to 100% of the recommended dietary allowance
- Fish and shellfish, meat (especially liver), poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products
- Most breakfast cereals are also fortified with Vit-B-12.
- A Deworming course of medication shall help absorb nutrients better from food.
- Causes of blood loss like piles, Stomach ulcers, bleeding gums, excessive blood loss during menstruation etc. should be treated.
- Avoid consumption of tea and coffee immediately after a meal as these beverages prevent absorption of Iron
- A medical check up if haemoglobin is low on Health check up must be done to rule out other causes.